如何不用药物就可以祛痰

方法 1

方法 1 的 3:使用家庭疗法

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1
用温盐水漱口,以稀释痰液和舒缓喉咙。将半茶匙盐和240毫升温水混匀。含一小口盐水,不要咽下去。头往后仰,漱口几秒,然后吐出来,把口腔漱干净。
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如有必要,一整天每隔2-3小时重复一次。WH.performance.mark(‘step1_rendered’);

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2
用加湿器产生的热蒸气滋润呼吸道。往加湿器倒入蒸馏水,直到达到标记处的水位线。然后打开加湿器,让它持续运转到你身体恢复为止。蒸气会滋润呼吸道,稀释粘液,应该可以化掉喉咙里的痰液。[2]
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你也可以添加桉树精油。它是伤风膏里面的活性成分。用滴管将2-3滴油添加到水中,然后才打开加湿器。[3]
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3
用热水洗澡,吸入温热的蒸气,暂时缓解痰液造成的不适。蒸气可以稀释和松开黏附在喉咙的痰液,不妨洗个热水澡吧!把水温调高,但确保不会烫伤皮肤。然后在淋浴间里放轻松,深呼吸。[4]
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你也可以结合使用桉树精油。用滴管将2滴桉树精油滴在淋浴间的地板上或浴缸里,然后才踏进淋浴间。

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4
吸入一碗热水散发的蒸汽,让黏附在喉咙的痰液稀释并松脱。用一个大碗装热腾腾的水,伏在碗的上方,用毛巾盖着头和碗。慢慢地吸入蒸气。只要你感觉舒服,在里面待多久都行。之后,喝一杯水给身体降温和补充水分。[5]
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这被称为蒸脸。需要时,每天可以做1-2次缓解痰液造成的不适。
为了增强效果,你可以在水里添加2-3滴桉树、迷迭香或胡椒薄荷精油,帮助化痰和舒缓喉咙。[6]
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5
如果喉咙不痛,可以试着哼曲子来分解痰液。哼曲子时,喉咙会震动,进而有效化痰。挑一首你喜欢的曲子,哼1、2分钟,然后喝几口水,应该能去掉喉咙的痰液。[7]
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这个方法适合在喉咙不痛的时候使用。如果哼曲子让喉咙很不舒服,那就换别的方法。

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6
使用洗鼻壶冲洗鼻窦,疏通呼吸道和稀释粘液。在洗鼻壶里装非处方盐水或自制盐水。然后伏在水槽上方,把头侧向一边。将洗鼻壶的壶嘴对着上侧的鼻孔,慢慢地将水倒入鼻子。它会从上侧的鼻孔流进去,从下侧的鼻孔流出来。[8]
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在水槽冲洗两侧鼻孔,小心不要吸入盐水或水。
想要自制盐水,可以将1茶匙盐混入240毫升蒸馏水中。一定要用蒸馏水来清洗鼻腔。虽然很罕见,但是自来水里可能有会吃掉大脑的阿米巴虫。

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方法 2

方法 2 的 3:通过饮食祛痰

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1
每天至少喝2.7公升水,保持身体水分充足。液体帮助稀释痰液,以免它积聚在喉咙。多喝水、茶和其它饮料,满足身体所需的日常饮水量。另外,也要吃含水量高的食物,比如水果或汤。女性每天大概需要喝2.7公升水,男性则要喝3.7公升水。[9]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

前往来源

不妨用柠檬给水或茶提味,它还有化痰作用。把柠檬片加到水中,或是挤少量柠檬汁到杯子里。

警告:不要喝过多水,因为身体在生病时会保留更多水分,可能造成体液超负荷。体液超负荷的症状包括精神混乱、无精打采、易怒、昏迷和惊厥。 [10]
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2
喝温热的液体来化痰和清喉咙。选择温水、茶或苹果酒等温热的液体,缓解痰液造成的不适。它们稍高的温度会软化和稀释痰液,使痰液更容易排出去,把喉咙清理干净。[11]
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可靠来源

PubMed Central

前往来源

温热的液体也有舒缓作用,让你感觉更舒服。

小提示:姜茶常被用来缓解喉咙痛、咳嗽和痰液。将一个姜茶茶包放入热水中浸泡2-3分钟,然后趁热饮用。 [12]
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3
喝加了蜂蜜的柠檬茶来舒缓喉咙和化痰。用预制的柠檬茶包泡茶,或是将2茶匙柠檬添加到240毫升热水中。将1汤匙(15毫升)蜂蜜拌入柠檬水中,趁热饮用。[13]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

前往来源

柠檬汁里的酸性物质有助于稀释和去除痰液,而蜂蜜可以舒缓喉咙。
想喝多少就喝多少。

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4
喝热汤稀释和分解痰液。汤会加热痰液,帮助稀释它,让它更容易排出去。汤也能稀释痰液,把喉咙清干净。此外,鸡汤还有抗炎作用。[14]
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最好是喝鸡汤,但其实不管什么汤,都能给让身体补充水分,并让身体暖和起来。

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吃辛辣的食物来化痰,让它更容易排出去。选择吃含有辣椒、山葵、辣根或胡椒的食物。这些香料有天然的通鼻作用,可以稀释粘液,增加鼻涕分泌,把痰液排出来。[15]
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这些香料可能会灼伤喉咙,如果喉咙本来就痛,最好不要尝试。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 3:防止痰液积聚

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1
把头抬高,避免粘液积聚在喉咙。鼻窦里的粘液会自然地往下流到喉底。如果你躺下来,大量粘液会流到喉咙,导致痰液积聚。为了避免这种情况发生,用枕头抬高头部,让痰液更容易排出去。[16]
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如果痰液很浓稠,睡觉时可以用多个枕头抬高头,或是睡在椅子上。

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停止吃会引起胃酸反流的食物。胃酸反流会导致痰液积聚在喉咙。如果你经常烧心或喉咙灼痛,留意哪些食物引起这些症状,然后停止吃这些食物。[17]
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经常引起胃酸反流的食物包括大蒜、洋葱、辛辣食物、咖啡因、汽水、柑橘类食品、酒精、薄荷、番茄制品、巧克力和煎炸油腻的食物。[18]
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可靠来源

Cleveland Clinic

前往来源

如果你每周胃酸反流超过2次,一定要去看医生。

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戒烟并远离二手烟。 抽烟会使声带变干,导致身体分泌更多痰液和粘液来补充流失的水分。这会造成喉咙里的痰液越来越多。烟民最好停止抽烟,并远离抽烟的人,或是要求他们不要在你附近抽烟。[19]
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可靠来源

PubMed Central

前往来源

如果你有抽烟,或许可以用尼古丁口香糖或贴片,缓解身体对尼古丁的渴望。

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4
避免吃乳制品,因为它们会使粘液变得浓稠。你可能听说过乳制品会生痰,其实这是不正确的。不过,它们会使粘液变浓,尤其是脂肪含量高的乳制品。即使你吃了乳制品后痰液没有变得更浓稠,在康复期间最好还是避免吃它们。[20]
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可靠来源

PubMed Central

前往来源

如果你还想继续吃乳制品,那就选择脱脂或低脂的产品。它们比较不会让粘液变稠。

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5
避免接触过敏原、烟气和危险的化学品。油漆的气味、清洁剂和其它化学品会刺激呼吸道,损伤呼吸功能,促使身体分泌更多粘液。尽量减少接触刺激物或化学品。如果必须接触它们,记得戴口罩,并尽快前往通风良好的地方。[21]
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