如何跟踪路由

方法 1

方法 1 的 5:Windows

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WH.performance.clearMarks(‘image1_rendered’); WH.performance.mark(‘image1_rendered’);{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/5/5f/Traceroute-Step-1-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-1-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/5/5f/Traceroute-Step-1-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-1-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:342,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:542,”licensing”:”

“}
1
打开“开始”{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/0/07/Windowsstart.png”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/0/07/Windowsstart.png/30px-Windowsstart.png”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:460,”bigWidth”:30,”bigHeight”:30,”licensing”:”

“}。点击屏幕左下角的Windows标志。随后会弹出开始菜单。
WH.performance.mark(‘step1_rendered’);

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/5/59/Traceroute-Step-2-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-2-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/5/59/Traceroute-Step-2-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-2-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:342,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:542,”licensing”:”

“}
2
输入命令提示符。这样就会搜索电脑上的“命令提示符”程序。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/5/5b/Traceroute-Step-3-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-3-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/5/5b/Traceroute-Step-3-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-3-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:347,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:549,”licensing”:”

“}
3
点击{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/6/66/Windowscmd1.png”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/6/66/Windowscmd1.png/36px-Windowscmd1.png”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:383,”bigWidth”:36,”bigHeight”:30,”licensing”:”

“}“命令提示符”。它在菜单顶部。这样就会打开“命令提示符”。

4
确定要跟踪路线的网站。例如,如果你想查看你的电脑和Facebook之间的网关列表,你可以使用Facebook网站。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/e/ee/Traceroute-Step-5-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-5-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/e/ee/Traceroute-Step-5-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-5-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:342,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:542,”licensing”:”

“}
5
输入“traceroute”命令。输入tracert website.com—确保将website.com替换为你需要跟踪的网站的名称和扩展名(例如,facebook.com)——并按↵ Enter。
你不需要加入网址中的https://或www.部分。
如果你有网站的IP地址,可用它来代替URL。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/9/9b/Traceroute-Step-6-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-6-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/9/9b/Traceroute-Step-6-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-6-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:342,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:541,”licensing”:”

“}
6
查看结果。“命令提示符”将提供多达30个不同的网关(也称为“跳跃”),IP包通过这些网关传递。当你看到“跟踪完成”出现在跳跃列表下面时,说明跟踪过程已经成功完成。
如果你看到空白跟踪条目,可以忽略它们。它们表示跟踪是作为结果返回,而不是通过网关返回。
X
研究来源

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方法 2

方法 2 的 5:Mac

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/7/7d/Traceroute-Step-7-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-7-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/7/7d/Traceroute-Step-7-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-7-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:343,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:543,”licensing”:”

“}
1
打开“聚焦”{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/e/ea/Macspotlight.png”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/e/ea/Macspotlight.png/30px-Macspotlight.png”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:460,”bigWidth”:30,”bigHeight”:30,”licensing”:”

“}。点击屏幕右上角的放大镜图标即可。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/d/d6/Traceroute-Step-8-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-8-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/d/d6/Traceroute-Step-8-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-8-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:344,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:545,”licensing”:”

“}
2
输入网络实用工具。这样就会搜索电脑上的“网络实用工具”程序。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/0/0b/Traceroute-Step-9-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-9-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/0/0b/Traceroute-Step-9-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-9-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:344,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:545,”licensing”:”

“}
3
打开“网络实用工具”。双击搜索结果顶部附近的网络实用工具。这样打开“网络实用工具”窗口。[2]
X
研究来源

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/8/8c/Traceroute-Step-10-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-10-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/8/8c/Traceroute-Step-10-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-10-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:342,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:542,”licensing”:”

“}
4
点击Traceroute。它是位于“网络实用工具”窗口顶部的选项卡。[3]
X
研究来源

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/2/2b/Traceroute-Step-11-Version-3.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-11-Version-3.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/2/2b/Traceroute-Step-11-Version-3.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-11-Version-3.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:348,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:550,”licensing”:”

“}
5
输入网站地址。在窗口顶部附近的文本框中,输入要跟踪路径的网站地址(或IP地址)。
例如,要跟踪到wikiHow网站的路径,你需要输入wikihow.com。
你不需要加入网址中的https://或www.部分。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/7/72/Traceroute-Step-12.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-12.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/7/72/Traceroute-Step-12.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-12.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:348,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:550,”licensing”:”

“}
6
点击跟踪。它是页面右侧的一个蓝色按钮。这样“网络实用工具”就会开始跟踪到达所选网站经过的路径。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/4/47/Traceroute-Step-13.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-13.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/4/47/Traceroute-Step-13.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-13.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:344,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:544,”licensing”:”

“}
7
查看结果。Traceroute将显示跟踪程序在到达目的地的途中所经过的网关的列表。
如果你看到空白跟踪条目,可以忽略它们。它们表示跟踪是作为结果返回,而不是通过网关返回。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 5:iPhone

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/a/a8/Traceroute-Step-14.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-14.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/a/a8/Traceroute-Step-14.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-14.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
1
下载iNetTools应用。如果你的iPhone上已经安装了iNetTools,可以跳过这一步。打开{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/5/55/Iphoneappstoreicon.png”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/5/55/Iphoneappstoreicon.png/30px-Iphoneappstoreicon.png”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:460,”bigWidth”:30,”bigHeight”:30,”licensing”:”

“} App Store,然后进行下列操作:
点击搜索

点击搜索栏。
输入inettools

点击inettools – ping,dns,port scan

点击iNetTools旁边的获取。
输入Touch ID或Apple ID密码。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/f/f1/Traceroute-Step-15.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-15.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/f/f1/Traceroute-Step-15.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-15.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
2
打开iNetTools。在App Store中点击打开,或者点击iPhone主屏幕上类似雷达显示器的iNetTools应用图标。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/2/2f/Traceroute-Step-16.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-16.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/2/2f/Traceroute-Step-16.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-16.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
3
点击屏幕中间的跟踪路由。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/2/2c/Traceroute-Step-17.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-17.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/2/2c/Traceroute-Step-17.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-17.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
4
点击“主机名或IP地址”文本框。你可以在屏幕顶部附近找到这个选项。这样就会打开iPhone的屏幕键盘。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/1/1f/Traceroute-Step-18.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-18.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/1/1f/Traceroute-Step-18.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-18.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
5
输入网站地址。输入要跟踪路径的网址(或IP地址)。
例如,要跟踪到谷歌最近的服务器的路径,你需要输入google.com。
你不需要加入网址中的https://或www.部分。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/1/1d/Traceroute-Step-19.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-19.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/1/1d/Traceroute-Step-19.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-19.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
6
点击屏幕右上角的开始。iNetTools将开始跟踪到你指定地址的路由。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/4/4f/Traceroute-Step-20.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-20.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/4/4f/Traceroute-Step-20.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-20.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
7
查看结果。“结果”标题对面的转轮消失后,你就可以查看跟踪程序在到达目的地的途中经过的每个网关的地址。
如果你看到空白跟踪条目,可以忽略它们。它们表示跟踪是作为结果返回,而不是通过网关返回。

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方法 4

方法 4 的 5:安卓

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/d/db/Traceroute-Step-21.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-21.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/d/db/Traceroute-Step-21.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-21.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
1
下载PingTools应用。如果你的安卓上已经安装了PingTools,可以跳过这一步。打开{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/1/1e/Androidgoogleplay.png”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/1/1e/Androidgoogleplay.png/26px-Androidgoogleplay.png”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:531,”bigWidth”:26,”bigHeight”:30,”licensing”:”

“} Google Play商店,然后进行下列操作:
点击搜索栏。
输入pingtools

点击结果中的PingTools Network Utilities。
点击安装

出现提示时,点击接受。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/b/bf/Traceroute-Step-22.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-22.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/b/bf/Traceroute-Step-22.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-22.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
2
打开PingTools。在“Google Play商店”中点击打开,或在安卓的“应用抽屉”中点击PingTools应用图标。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/5/5f/Traceroute-Step-23.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-23.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/5/5f/Traceroute-Step-23.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-23.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
3
出现提示时,点击接受。这样就会同意PingTools的使用条款,并打开应用。
如果你之前打开过PingTools,你或许可以跳过这一步。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/8/8c/Traceroute-Step-24.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-24.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/8/8c/Traceroute-Step-24.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-24.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
4
点击屏幕左上角的☰。随后会出现弹出菜单。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/7/73/Traceroute-Step-25.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-25.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/7/73/Traceroute-Step-25.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-25.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
5
点击路由跟踪。这个选项位于弹出菜单的中间。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/0/01/Traceroute-Step-26.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-26.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/0/01/Traceroute-Step-26.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-26.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
6
点击屏幕顶部的文本框。这样就会打开安卓的屏幕键盘。
如果这个文本框中已经有一个网址,在继续操作之前删除它。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/c/cb/Traceroute-Step-27.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-27.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/c/cb/Traceroute-Step-27.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-27.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
7
输入网站地址。输入要跟踪路径的网址(或IP地址)。
例如,要跟踪到Twitter最近的服务器的路径,你需要输入twitter.com。
你不需要加入网址中的https://或www.部分。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/5/53/Traceroute-Step-28.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-28.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/5/53/Traceroute-Step-28.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-28.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
8
点击屏幕右上角的跟踪。这样PingTools就会开始跟踪到你所选地址的路由。

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{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/9/92/Traceroute-Step-29.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-29.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/9/92/Traceroute-Step-29.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-29.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:345,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:546,”licensing”:”

“}
9
查看结果。跟踪完成后,你可以查看跟踪程序在到达目的地的途中经过的每个网关的地址。
如果你看到空白跟踪条目,可以忽略它们。它们表示跟踪是作为结果返回,而不是通过网关返回。

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方法 5

方法 5 的 5:Linux

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“}
1
打开“终端”。这一步取决于你的Linux版本,但是大多数发行版都需要打开菜单,然后从程序列表中选择{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/1/14/Macterminal.png”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/1/14/Macterminal.png/30px-Macterminal.png”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:460,”bigWidth”:30,”bigHeight”:30,”licensing”:”

“}
终端。
在大多数Linux发行版上,你也可以按Alt+Ctrl+T来打开“终端”。

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“}
2
安装Traceroute。安装方法如下:
输入sudo apt install traceroute,并按↵ Enter。
输入密码并按↵ Enter。
输入y,如果出现提示,按↵ Enter。
等待Traceroute安装。

3
确定要跟踪路由的网站。例如,如果你想查看你的电脑和YouTube之间的网关列表,你可以使用YouTube网站。

WH.shared.addScrollLoadItem(‘1f0223e40e7c3dd161553602ef2e0254’)

{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/2/2b/Traceroute-Step-33.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-33.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/2/2b/Traceroute-Step-33.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-33.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:343,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:543,”licensing”:”

“}
4
输入“traceroute”命令。输入traceroute website.com—确保将website.com替换为你需要跟踪的网站的名称和扩展名(例如,youtube.com)——并按↵ Enter。
你不需要加入网址中的https://或www.部分。
如果你有网站的IP地址,可用它来代替URL。

WH.shared.addScrollLoadItem(‘9ff12f0c21637cfc82a674569d26e23d’)

{“smallUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images_en/thumb/c/cb/Traceroute-Step-34.jpg/v4-460px-Traceroute-Step-34.jpg”,”bigUrl”:”https://www.wikihow.com/images/thumb/c/cb/Traceroute-Step-34.jpg/v4-728px-Traceroute-Step-34.jpg”,”smallWidth”:460,”smallHeight”:349,”bigWidth”:728,”bigHeight”:553,”licensing”:”

“}
5
查看结果。跟踪完成后,你可以查看跟踪程序在到达目的地的途中经过的每个网关的地址。
如果你看到空白跟踪条目,可以忽略它们。它们表示跟踪是作为结果返回,而不是通过网关返回。

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