如何去除扁桃体结石

方法 1

方法 1 的 4:使用棉签

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1
备齐工具。准备好棉签和其它必要的东西:
棉签
牙刷
镜子
手电筒、手电筒应用程序,或是可以用来照射口腔的灯。
自来水。
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2
把光照进喉咙。张嘴,把光照进口腔。在镜子前面这么做,方便你找到扁桃体结石。

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3
收缩扁桃体。伸出舌头,同时关闭或收缩喉咙肌肉。发出“啊”的声音,收紧喉底的肌肉。同时要屏住呼吸,就像在漱口一样。这样会将扁桃体向前推,让你更看得更清楚。

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4
准备棉签。打开水龙头弄湿棉签,让棉签变得柔软一些,减轻对喉咙的刺激。不要放下棉签,以免被细菌污染。尽量减少棉签和任何带菌表面之间的接触,包括你的手。去除结石的时候,将它们抖落水槽,或弄到干净的纸巾上。不要让棉签触碰任何表面。
万一棉签不小心碰到水槽或台面,一定要换新的。

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用棉签轻轻地戳结石。按压或戳结石,直到它脱落。用棉签将它推出口腔。
动作要非常轻柔,否则容易弄出血。出一点血是正常的,但还是要尽量避免。[2]
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引起扁桃体结石的细菌可能会感染伤口。
一旦出血,赶紧用水冲洗。停止出血后,马上刷牙并清洁舌头。

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用水冲洗,然后重复。用水冲洗口腔,然后继续去除下一个结石。有时候戳了喉咙后,唾液会变得黏糊糊,这时候尤其要用水冲洗口腔。要是唾液变得黏黏糊糊的,喝水来稀释它。

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7
检查是否有任何隐秘的结石。去除所有看得见的结石后,拇指抵住下巴下面的颈项部位,把干净的食指伸进口腔,一直到扁桃体旁边,像挤牙膏那样轻轻地将残留的结石挤出来。挤不出结石不代表就没有结石,因为有些隐窝非常深,很难够到它们。[3]
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8
小心地去除顽固的结石。如果有结石用棉签戳不出来,也许它卡在了特别深的地方。不要强行把它弄出来,以免造成出血。用牙刷背面轻轻地推动,直到结石松脱,再用棉签或牙刷清理掉。[4]
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如果结石还是没有脱落,连续几天用漱口水漱口,然后再试一次。
如果还是不行,试一试口腔冲洗器。如果这没有用,不妨稍微增强水流。
有些人的呕吐反射太强烈,无法忍受喉咙被戳。

方法 2

方法 2 的 4:使用口腔冲洗器

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1
购买口腔冲洗器。冲牙器之类的口腔冲洗器可以将扁桃体结石冲出隐窝。[5]
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购买之前,在扁桃体上简单地试用一下。如果喷射出来的水流太强,会让你感到痛,那就不能用来去除结石。

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2
以最低的水压强度运行冲洗器。将冲洗器放进口腔,但是不要碰到结石。以最低的水压强度启动冲洗器。将水流瞄准肉眼能看见的一个结石,让水流稳定地喷射,直到结石脱落。

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用棉签或牙刷帮助去除结石。如果冲洗器让结石松脱,但还无法完全脱落,可以交替使用冲洗器和棉签或牙刷背面。
重复上面的步骤,去除每一个看得见的扁桃体结石。用水冲出结石时,动作一定要轻柔。

方法 3

方法 3 的 4:通过漱口去除和预防结石

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进食后,用漱口水漱口。结石通常由残留在扁桃体隐窝的食物残渣形成,所以在进食后漱口是很明智的做法。漱口不只能改善牙齿和牙龈健康,还能让食物残渣脱落,以免变成细菌的食物,形成扁桃体结石。
一定要使用不含酒精的漱口水。

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用温水和盐漱口。将1茶匙盐倒入180毫升水中,搅拌至溶解。头往后仰,用盐水漱口。有时候,扁桃体结石会引发扁桃体炎。用盐水漱口除了可以让隐窝中的食物残渣脱落,还有助于缓解扁桃体炎引起的不适。

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购买含氧漱口水。它们含有二氧化氯和天然的锌化合物。氧气本身会阻碍细菌生长,所以含氧漱口水对治疗和预防扁桃体结石很有帮助。[6]
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含氧漱口水非常强烈,一周只能用一两次,以免过度使用。主要用天然漱口水,再辅以含氧漱口水。

方法 4

方法 4 的 4:医疗介入

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和医生讨论扁桃体切除手术。这是相当简单和有效的手术。风险相当低,恢复期很短,最常见的术后问题只是喉咙痛和轻微出血。[7]
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如果医生担心你的病史、年龄或其它因素,可能会建议你选择其它治疗方法。
只有扁桃体结石不断复发、非常顽固或复杂,医生才会建议做扁桃体切除手术。
你也可以要求医生去除扁桃体结石。医生或许能用特殊的冲洗设备去除它们。

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如果扁桃体结石一直持续或很严重,考虑接受抗生素疗程。医生可能用不同的抗生素治疗扁桃体结石,比如盘尼西林或红霉素,但是它们无法解决引发扁桃体结石的根本原因,也就是残留在扁桃体的食物残渣。所以之后仍可能会复发,而且抗生素也可能引起不好的副作用。口腔里的有益细菌有助于对抗有害细菌,但是大部分抗生素会一并杀掉它们。[8]
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向医生咨询激光治疗。藏在隐窝深处的结石可以通过激光去除。激光换肤可以使扁桃体表面变得平整,不再有隐窝。不过,这项治疗有一定的风险。[9]
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