如何去除汽车上的喷漆

方法 1

方法 1 的 3:使用丙酮卸甲油

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1
找一瓶丙酮,或者含有丙酮的卸甲油。你手头未必有丙酮,但可能有一瓶卸甲油。卸甲油是用来去除指甲上的珐琅层的,而这正是清洁汽车时车漆所需要的处理方式。卸甲油的品牌不限,丙酮含量越高,效果越好。
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2
把丙酮或卸甲油倒到一块布上。选择毛圈毛巾或超细纤维毛巾,以免划伤车的透明涂层或车漆。清洁过程中,毛巾必须一直保持湿润,所以当它开始变干时,就得加些丙酮或卸甲油了。
戴上手套,以免丙酮或卸甲油以及擦掉的油漆刺激双手。

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3
用布轻轻擦拭喷漆痕迹。小幅打圈,去除汽车上的喷漆痕迹。擦拭动作一定要非常轻柔,否则被擦掉的可能不止喷漆痕迹,还有汽车的透明涂层和车漆。汽车上的喷漆会被擦到抹布上,所以抹布得经常更换。

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4
去除喷漆后洗车。擦掉喷漆后,一定要彻底清洗汽车。为了清除所有喷漆痕迹以及丙酮或卸甲油,对喷漆区域要特别注意。

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方法 2

方法 2 的 3:使用洗车泥

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1
清洗并擦干汽车。用洗车泥擦洗汽车之前完成这一步非常重要。你可以人工洗车,也可以自动洗车。如果喷漆是刚刚喷上去的,热水和肥皂甚至都能去除部分油漆。
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研究来源

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2
购买洗车泥。洗车泥是一种聚合物研磨剂,它可以去除位于车漆表面的任何物体,而又不会划坏或损伤漆面。市面上有几种洗车泥出售,包括Detailer’s Pride牌的产品。[2]
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研究来源

你也可以选择美光(Meguiar)的顺滑表面去污泥套装(Smooth Surface Clay Kit),里面有清洁喷雾、车蜡和超细纤维布。清洁喷雾可以为去污泥起到润滑剂的作用。[3]
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研究来源

你可以在附近的汽车用品商店买到这些去污泥。

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3
搓揉去污泥。你只需要一小块手掌大小的扁平去污泥,所以如果你买了一根新的去污泥棒,就得把它切成两半。然后用密封袋把它密封装好,放进装有温水的水桶或碗里。温水会加热去污泥,让它变得更容易使用。取出半根去污泥棒,用手搓揉,让它变成煎饼或馅饼的形状。[4]
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研究来源

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4
涂抹去污泥润滑剂。使用润滑剂很有必要,它可以让去污泥滑过漆面,而不是粘在上面。摇晃润滑剂,然后把它喷到去污泥以及汽车的油漆上。多喷一点,以免去污泥粘到汽车上。[5]
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研究来源

附近的汽车用品商店应该有去污泥润滑剂出售。

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5
用去污泥擦拭喷漆痕迹。拿去污泥的时候把它放在手掌略微偏下的位置,不要让它包住指尖。牢牢按住去污泥,来回擦拭喷漆痕迹,就像用肥皂擦洗皮肤一样。不要停,直到擦掉油漆为止。[6]
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研究来源

当去污泥上沾满污染物时,把它翻折一次并重新搓成一个表面干净的馅饼形状。

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擦掉残留物。用超细纤维布擦掉汽车上的去污泥残留物。用布轻轻擦拭去污泥擦洗过的区域。[7]
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研究来源

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7
给车漆打蜡。使用去污泥会擦掉之前打的车蜡,所以之后一定要为汽车打蜡,以防止车漆进一步受损,并让透明涂层恢复光泽。使用车蜡附带的工具或海绵画圈,涂抹车蜡,或者使用柔软的旋转抛光工具。[8]
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研究来源

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方法 3

方法 3 的 3:使用巴西棕榈蜡

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1
购买液态巴西棕榈蜡。Butter Wet牌的巴西棕榈蜡等产品含有能够分解喷漆的巴西棕榈油。[9]
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专家来源

Chad Zani汽车美容专家

专家访谈. 2 October 2019.

它不会损坏或划伤车漆或透明涂层,只会除掉汽车表面的喷漆痕迹。你应该能够在附近的汽车用品商店买到液态巴西棕榈蜡,万一没有,也可以上网购买。[10]
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研究来源

如果使用巴西棕榈油后车上仍有喷漆残留,就接着用V36等抛光产品覆盖油漆。你可以在汽车用品商店买到这类产品。[11]
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专家来源

Chad Zani汽车美容专家

专家访谈. 2 October 2019.

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2
把蜡涂到海绵上。在柔软的海绵或布块上倒足量的液态蜡。把它挤到海绵上,或滴一些上去。一边清洁喷漆,一边加蜡,不要担心用量过多,因为分解油漆需要大量的蜡。[12]
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研究来源

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用海绵擦拭喷漆痕迹。牢牢按住加过蜡的海绵,做圆周运动,擦拭汽车沾有油漆的区域。确保多余的喷漆和所有错误的漆痕都被擦到。当海绵表面沾满擦下来的喷漆时,立即换一面或换一块新海绵。[13]
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研究来源

由于巴西棕榈油会分解油漆,而不是依靠机械方式把它擦掉,所以这一步可能需要重复几次。[14]
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专家来源

Chad Zani汽车美容专家

专家访谈. 2 October 2019.

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把蜡擦掉。去除喷漆痕迹后,你应该把汽车上的蜡擦掉。拿一块干净的超细纤维布把汽车擦亮。用它做小幅圆周运动,擦拭打蜡区域。[15]
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研究来源

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