如何去除衣服上的染料

方法 1

方法 1 的 3:用医用酒精

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1
买点医用酒精。所有药店和杂货店的医疗用品区都有异丙醇出售。它可以用于所有衣物,包括那些染色不牢,清洗时褪色严重的衣服。要确认染色的牢固程度,你可以往衣服的某个部分喷水,然后用一条白毛巾在上面按压一下。
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发胶或洗手液等其他酒精含量高的产品,也可以处理染料留下的污渍。
遇到皮衣时可以使用马鞍皂。
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2
把酒精轻轻擦到染料留下的污渍上。用些吸水性较强的工具,比如旧抹布、纸巾或棉球等。蘸点医用酒精,让它微微湿润,然后轻擦污渍。最后你会看到污渍扩散到吸水材料上。去除污渍需要多擦几次医用酒精。

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3
用洗衣液覆盖污渍。不要清理衣服上的医用酒精,往上面倒一点洗衣液。洗衣液的用量要少,涂完后在染色位置留有一层薄薄的洗衣液就行了。

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4
用牙刷轻轻擦洗该处。动作要轻,以免刷坏面料。旧牙刷是十分合适的工具,但是如果你没有,也可以用手指。把洗衣液涂到染色区域周围,让它渗入面料。[2]
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研究来源

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5
用温水冲洗衣服。在32摄氏度的清水中清洗衣物,洗去医用酒精和洗衣液。这样做还能洗掉被医用酒精溶解的所有染料。

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洗衣服。把这件衣服扔进洗衣机,像平时那样清洗。污渍洗掉后,你可以立即把衣服拿出来晾晒,如果多次擦涂医用酒精没有效果,那就得尝试其他效果更强的方法,比如漂白剂。

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方法 2

方法 2 的 3:洗掉染料

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1
在水槽里装满温水。在水槽、浴缸或其他容器里装15升温水。对多数面料来说,32摄氏度的温水既能洗掉染料,又不会损坏衣物。你可以用温度计测量水温,也可以不用水槽,改成用洗衣机来清洗衣物。

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2
用冷水来清洗精致衣物。精致面料指的是丝绸、蕾丝等柔软布料。温度小于或等于27摄氏度的冷水可以防止织物纤维受损。鲜艳的深色衣物也应该用冷水清洗,因为浸泡在温水中时,它们容易掉色。
查看衣服的标签,上网搜索这种面料,了解正确清洗时可以使用的最高水温。
你可以把这件衣服放进洗衣机里循环清洗,而不用亲自动手。

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倒入脱色产品。脱色产品是粉末状的清洁剂,卖洗涤用品的地方都有出售。使用时要遵循包装盒背面的说明。一般来说,你得往水里倒1包清洁剂,等待粉末溶解。[3]
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脱色产品可能导致褪色过度,所以一定要阅读说明。务必在水盆里稀释或溶解产品。

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把衣服浸在水里,直到染料渗出。把染色的衣服放到水盆里,让它被水完全浸泡,偶尔搅动一下。你可能应该戴上手套或使用厨具,以免双手染上颜色。把衣服放在水盆里泡几个小时。[4]
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小心不要让衣服原本的颜色也发生脱落。如果遇到这种情况,要马上把衣服从水里捞出来。

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用温水冲洗衣物。在被洗掉之前,脱色剂会一直发挥效用。把衣服从水盆里取出之后,立即放到水龙头下。用32摄氏度的水冲洗这件衣服。如果正在处理的衣服比较精致,就用冷水代替温水。

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遇到顽固污渍时重复清洗。如果你的漂亮衬衫看上去仍然像是刚从染缸里捞出来一样,那就重复处理过程。你可以再准备一盆溶有脱色剂的清水。染料可能需要经过几轮处理才能彻底漂洗干净。小心一点,以免在此过程中衣服本来的颜色发生脱落。

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像平时那样清洗衣物。像平时洗涤衣物那样清洗这件衣服。使用洗衣机和日常使用的洗衣液不会有任何问题。洗完后,污渍就应该不复存在了,你可以放心地晾晒衣物。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 3:使用漂白剂

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在冷水中混入漂白剂。在水槽或洗涤容器中装满冷水。每3.8升水加60毫升漂白剂。如果衣服是白色的棉质或棉/聚酯混纺织物,你可以使用氯漂白剂。遇到任何其他面料时,则应使用氧漂白剂或织物泛用漂白剂。[5]
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漂白剂效果强大,所以一定要用水稀释,而不能直接倒在衣服上。
不要将其他化学品与氯漂白剂混合,因为这样做会导致漂白剂释放出有毒烟雾。

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把衣服浸泡5分钟。漂白剂会快速腐蚀衣物,所以不要走开。把沾有污渍的衣服放在水里,静置5分钟。时间一到,就把衣服从水盆里捞出来。[6]
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使用织物泛用漂白剂时,你可以把衣服放在混合液体中浸泡最多30分钟。
只要经过水的稀释,漂白剂就不会灼伤皮肤。戴上手套或避免长时间泡水。事后洗手。

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用清水冲洗衣服。染料可能会立即脱落。不管发生什么事情,一定要立即冲掉漂白剂。大多数面料都可以使用温水,但精致衣物还是得用冷水。一定要冲洗整件衬衫,以确保洗掉所有漂白剂。

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洗衣服。把染色的衣物扔进洗衣机,像平时那样洗涤。你可以放心使用普通洗衣液,它能为衣服消毒,还有助于洗掉染料留下的污渍。

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如果衣服上仍有污渍,就重复处理过程。染料留下的污渍非常顽固,所以处理一次可能不够。回到水槽旁边,用水和漂白剂的混合物把它装满。把这件衣服放进去浸泡,然后再次冲洗和清洗。只要每次都完成全套步骤,你就可以重复处理,直到染色消失。
如果这样做没有效果,那么除了使用强效脱色剂以外,你可能别无选择。找一种专门用于衣物染色准备工作的脱色剂。除非你想衣服上的所有颜色都褪掉,否则它的使用对象应该仅限白色面料。

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