如何提高学习技能

部分 1

部分 1 的 3:营造理想的学习环境

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1
创造适合学习的环境。理想的学习环境应该拥有充足的光线和舒适的桌椅,以及有限的噪音。无人打扰的安静环境非常重要,所以要用心营造这样的学习氛围。
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2
坐下开始学习前,将所有的用具准备好。你可能需要钢笔、铅笔、横格纸、教科书等。

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3
避免干扰。如果家里有人对你造成干扰,就礼貌地请求他们离开,这样你才能静下心来完成作业。如果你有孩子,就比较难办了。确保电视机和收音机都已关掉。如果你需要一些白色噪音,古典乐可能会有帮助。

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部分 2

部分 2 的 3:降低学习的负荷

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1
养成平和的心态。不管学什么,没有人能一学就会。所以你要沉着,保持耐心。

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2
保证充足的睡眠。熬夜学习不是什么好事。如果睡不够,精力就不能集中,记忆力也会下降。
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研究来源

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3
制定计划。所有学生都应该为课程、作业以及其它关键的日期制定计划。计划的一部分应该包含学习和完成课业的具体时间。如此一来,学生就不用临着交作业而手忙脚乱,或者在重大考试的前夜临时抱佛脚了。计划里要同时安排其它活动,比如运动的时间。事实上,计划制定得越全面,学生就越能更高效地完成作业。

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4
不管上什么课,都要做好笔记。即使再忙,你也要做好笔记。为了简化记录过程,建议用缩略语代替一些常见的词语。笔记中只需包含重要的信息和关键的词语。清晰的标题有助于组织信息,图片或图表能更好地展示信息。别忘了用荧光笔给材料中的关键点做上记号。

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5
组织集体学习。通过集体学习,同伴间可以相互提问,从而达到取长补短的目的。

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6
时常休息。你可以去室外散步,骑车,或者陪伴家人。只有经常休息,功课所带来的压力才能得到缓解,你才能信心满满,迫不及待地回到学习中去。听音乐也是放松大脑的一种好方法。

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部分 3

部分 3 的 3:养成良好的学习习惯

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1
做作业时,先从最难的科目入手。比如,你有化学、数学、英语和语文作业。你可以从化学作业开始做起,最后完成语文作业。难度最大的作业应该趁着头脑清醒的时候完成。

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2
掌握有效的记忆方法 。当需要同时记住几项内容(比如公式)时,你可以使用列表,帮助记忆。利用抽认卡记忆大量成组的信息也很有效。

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3
发展批判性阅读的技能 。当学生升入高年级后,需要应对更加繁重复杂的阅读任务。如果阅读技巧欠缺,无法辨别文中的重要信息,学生就会感到极大的压力和负担,他们的整体学习成绩也会受到影响。所以,学生需要有意识地加强在阅读中寻找重点的技巧。阅读能力比较薄弱的学生最好寻求帮助,改变这一现状,否则很多科目的成绩都会被拖累。

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4
把注意力放在最需要的地方。你觉得自己哪个科目学起来最吃力,就在那个科目上花更多精力。

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5
加强应试能力 。考试成绩不理想并不意味着学生对于知识点的理解不到位,或者解题技巧欠缺。也许学生对某个知识已经理解了,但考试时临场发挥欠佳。有效的应试策略包括:在考试前复习时区分知识点的重要程度;应对考试时的紧张感;合理安排答题时间,以完成所有题目。

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6
向自己提问。针对学习内容提问时,强调事件、原因、方式、时间、地点和人物。你可以一边阅读或学习,一边提问。回答这些问题有助于理解和记忆阅读材料,因为自问自答就是加深记忆的过程。那些能在你脑中留下印象的内容才更有意义,所以更容易记住。

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7
寻求帮助。当面临某个学习任务却毫无头绪的时候,千万不要默不作声,就此放弃;你应该向他人寻求帮助。

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