如何消除地毯异味

方法 1

方法 1 的 4:处理一般异味

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1
清理弄脏的部位。处理地毯之前,要把弄洒的食物清理干净,吸干水分,在显眼的污垢处轻轻地涂上肥皂。尽量把地毯清理干净后才着手消除异味。
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2
将小苏打撒在地毯上。小苏打能中和被地毯吸收的异味。地毯上必须覆盖一层薄薄的小苏打才行,所以要为每个房间准备一大盒小苏打。用手指捏散结块的小苏打,让它们分布均匀。
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研究来源

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3
给小苏打时间发挥作用。建议等几个小时。要是地毯真的很臭,不妨静置一夜。[2]
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别让宠物和小孩靠近地毯。

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4
用吸尘器将小苏打吸干净。集尘袋或集尘筒可能很快就会被装满,所以要多留意一下,记得及时清空。[3]
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5
进行深层清洁。如果只靠小苏打无法彻底消除异味,你也可以自制深层清洁剂来清理地毯。将30毫升双氧水、60毫升小苏打、5毫升液体皂和1公升水倒进敞开的容器里混均匀。在清理整个地毯之前,先找一个不显眼的位置测试一下效果。[4]
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接触调好的深层清洁剂的时候,一定要戴上手套。
将所有材料混到一起后,千万不要盖住容器。

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6
将清洁剂泼或洒在地毯上。用喷的方式比较好,清洁剂可以均匀地覆盖着地毯。不过,喷嘴要一直开着,没有用完的清洁剂也不能留在密封的喷瓶里。喷洒的时候要小心,不要让地毯湿透。[5]
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记得戴手套,尤其是如果你选择用手泼。

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7
等待24小时。清洁剂需要时间发挥作用,就这样静置24小时。保持房间通风,别让宠物和小孩靠近地毯。[6]
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8
用毛巾吸干多余水分。如果有些地方还是湿湿的,可以用旧毛巾或白色毛巾吸干水分,然后等它们自然风干。[7]
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方法 2

方法 2 的 4:去除烟味

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1
准备2到3碗白醋或氨水。不要装太满,免得溢出来。把碗放在地毯有烟味的房间里。这样虽然无法彻底消除地毯异味,但却能分解房间里的烟味,适合作为除臭的第一步。[8]
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白醋和氨水不能混在一起使用,否则会产生有害气体。

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2
静置24小时。白醋或氨水即使没有洒在表面上,一样能吸收烟味。24小时后,将碗移开,倒掉白醋或氨水。[9]
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别让宠物和小孩靠近装有白醋或氨水的碗。

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3
使用小苏打。和上面处理一般异味的方法一样,将小苏打撒在地毯上,静置一夜,然后用吸尘器清理干净。[10]
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在这期间,别让宠物和小孩靠近地毯。
你也可以使用市售的地毯清洁剂,它们里面含有带香味的颗粒。

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4
将蒸馏白醋倒入蒸汽清洗机。白醋是很有效的酸性清洁剂,可以杀死细菌,去除焦油和树脂的气味。[11]
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你也可以使用市售的清洁产品。市面上甚至还有专门针对烟味的清洁产品。

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5
用蒸汽清洗机来回清洗地毯。遵循清洗机的指示。如果实在租不到清洗机,那就把白醋倒在地毯上,让它彻底湿透。白醋的气味会慢慢蒸发掉。
记得打开风扇。如果可以,也要打开窗口,防止湿地毯滋生霉菌。
你可以在五金店或超市租到蒸汽清洗机。

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6
让地毯风干。等待地毯风干期间,让风扇继续运转。不要在湿地毯上走动。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 4:去除宠物排泄物的气味

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1
吸干水分。用纸巾清理尿渍。如果已经干了,先用干净的水弄湿,再用纸巾轻轻拍干。[12]
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2
涂抹餐具洗洁精。建议用餐具洗洁精局部清理宠物刚撒的尿。将少量餐具洗洁精倒在湿纸巾上,轻轻地擦除尿渍。[13]
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3
用小苏打覆盖尿渍。趁着地毯还湿湿的,将一层小苏打倒在上面。小苏打可能会变湿,不过这没关系。[14]
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4
静置一夜。小苏打和肥皂需要好几个小时发挥作用。如果清理面积很小,在这期间可以用纸巾盖着它。[15]
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5
将白醋喷洒在干了的尿渍上。不要弄掉小苏打。小苏打和醋发生化学反应时会起泡,这是很正常的。两种物质之间的反应有助于消除臭味。[16]
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你也可以将240毫升水、240毫升醋和30毫升小苏打倒进喷瓶里混均匀,然后用来清洗尿渍。这种清洁剂可以保存2到3个月。[17]
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如果臭味仍然挥之不去,你还可以用双氧水清理尿渍。由于双氧水会使地毯变色,所以要先找个不显眼的地方试一试效果。
市面上也有用酶分解异味的产品,用了之后不需要清理。

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6
让白醋在地毯上待5分钟。在等待期间,时刻留意白醋的状况。别让宠物和(或)小孩靠近地毯。[18]
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使用双氧水的话,要等待10到15分钟。[19]
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7
用软布吸干清洁剂。擦掉剩余的小苏打,把地毯抹干。等它彻底风干后,闻一闻是否还有异味。如果有,你可能需要使用地毯蒸汽清洗机。[20]
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如果地毯垫也被尿液弄得湿透了,那就可能得换块新地毯垫才能彻底摆脱异味。

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8
使用地毯蒸汽清洗机。如果宠物排泄物的气味已经渗入地毯里,你可能需要用Green Machine、Rug Doctor等专门的地毯清洁剂清理整张地毯。你可以使用市售的除臭清洁剂,或是自己制作清洁剂,只要将白醋和水混匀就可以了。将清洁剂倒入蒸汽清洗机,在整张地毯上来回清洗,最后让它自然风干。可能需要重复几次才能彻底消除异味。
如果异味已经渗入地毯里,酶清洁剂可以抑制引发臭味的细菌。使用方法很简单,用清洁剂浸湿地毯,等它自然风干就可以了。

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方法 4

方法 4 的 4:去除霉味

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解决霉味出现的原因。如果地毯有霉味,很可能是屋子湿气太重。只是消除霉味并不能解决问题,因为霉菌孢子还会继续生长。你得改变习惯,降低屋内湿度。洗澡时打开排气扇或开窗,并使用除湿机。[21]
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用干湿两用吸尘吸水机吸掉多余水分。如果地毯湿湿的,用干湿两用吸尘吸水机吸掉水分,限制霉菌生长。

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将240毫升白醋倒入500毫升温水中混匀。想要消除霉味,先用水稀释醋。用温水,不要用热水。[22]
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不要用火炉加热水。

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将混合液喷到地毯上,覆盖整张地毯。地毯必须足够湿,才能和小苏打发生反应。[23]
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将小苏打撒在湿地毯上。趁着地毯还湿湿的,把小苏打撒在上面。小苏打会和稀释过的醋产生反应。[24]
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取决于房间面积和喷瓶类型,也许将房间划分成几个小部分逐一处理更方便。

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等待醋溶液和小苏打变干。根据醋溶液和小苏打的用量,还有你是否打开风扇帮助吹干地毯,这可能需要好几个小时或一整夜。[25]
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用吸尘器将剩下的小苏打清理干净,然后丢进屋外的垃圾桶里。[26]
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打开风扇通风,防止霉味到回来,并让地毯更快风干。如果天气允许,你也能开窗,让屋内空气流通。

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如果屋内再次有霉味,请咨询专业人员。要是屋子有水渍或霉菌,你可能需要寻求专业人员的帮助。霉菌是很严重的问题,拖得越久,处理费用越高。尽快找专业人员帮你消灭霉菌,对屋子也更好。[27]
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