如何用蜂蜜治疗烧伤

方法 1

方法 1 的 4:确诊烧伤情况

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1
学会辨认一级烧伤。烧伤在所难免,接触高温物品,火焰,阳光,电,沸腾液体诸如沸水,酱汁,某些食物或化学物质都有可能导致烧伤。一级烧伤是最轻的烧伤,只会伤及皮肤表层。
一级烧伤会导致皮肤红肿疼痛。按压后患处皮肤会变白。
这种程度的烧伤通常在3到6天内就会自行愈合,期间皮肤可能会脱落,通常不会结疤或者疤痕不明显。
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2
学会辨认二级烧伤。二级烧伤比一级烧伤程度更严重,会伤及深层皮肤,烫伤处会泛红或出现红斑,水肿等症状,疼痛感剧烈,可能会产生水泡。
二级烧伤通常会在两三周内愈合,且有可能留下疤痕。
如果烫伤区域超过2.5厘米长,请及时就医。

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3
了解三级烧伤。三级烧伤是等级最高且最严重的烧伤,会伤及各层皮肤,烫伤的皮肤可能会发白(烧焦)或发黑。
三级烧伤需要立即就医,千万不要自行治疗。
三级烧伤一般不会感到疼痛,因为神经已经被破坏了。
这样的烧伤需要数月才能愈合,期间可能会结疤。

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方法 2

方法 2 的 4:及时处理轻微烧伤

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1
用冷水冲洗烧伤。烧伤后即可用冰凉的自来水冲洗烫伤部位,直到疼痛缓解,持续5分钟左右。
二级烧伤至少需要冷却15分钟。
不要在烧伤部位敷冰块。

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2
将药用蜂蜜涂抹在烧伤部位。将药用蜂蜜涂满整个烧伤部位,以及周围完好的组织,蜂蜜一定要足量,最好涂上厚厚的一层。根据烧伤部位的不同,涂抹蜂蜜的厚度大约在半厘米左右。
最好使用药用蜂蜜。新西兰的麦卢卡蜂蜜和德国的药用蜂蜜都是很好的选择。
如果买不到药用蜂蜜,也可以使用未提纯的有机蜂蜜。不要使用从杂货店买来的普通蜂蜜。
避免使用杜鹃花蜂蜜,因为其中蕴含木藜芦烷类二萜,可能导致服用者头晕产生幻觉,因此也被叫做“疯狂蜂蜜。”

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3
将蜂蜜涂抹均匀。用薄塑料袋,三明治塑料袋或冰棍棒轻轻将蜂蜜涂匀在烧伤部位和周围的皮肤上。

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4
包扎受伤部位。用干爽的纱布或非粘性敷料严严实实地包扎好伤口,然后用医用胶带粘好。

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5
如果烧伤严重请及时就医。如果二级烧伤范围较大(长度超过2.5厘米)或出现三级烧伤,请及时就医。
二级烧伤也需要凉自来水冲洗伤口15分钟,然后再就医。

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6
电击烧伤,化学烧伤和辐射烧伤要及时就医。所有的电击,化学和辐射烧伤(除了轻微晒伤)都需要及时就医。
化学烧伤应该先用冷水冲洗至少5分钟,然后及时就医。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 4:更换敷料

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1
洗手。更换伤口上的敷料前先洗手。如果烧伤在手上,可以请别人帮忙,让他们用肥皂洗手。

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2
轻轻地移除敷料。如果皮肤粘连在敷料上,可以将其从烧伤处去除。研究表明,蜂蜜能更好地揭去裂开的表皮而不产生痛楚,因此操作起来不会很困难。
丢弃使用过的敷料。

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3
检查伤口是否感染。检查烧伤处是否感染,感染的症状包括:
流脓或流出其他液体。
皮肤肿胀起泡,且水泡内液体浑浊(如果起的是水泡就不必处理)。
伤口附近出现红色瘢痕。
高烧。

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4
可以在伤口涂抹抗菌药膏。如果你发现伤口可能感染,但程度不深,你可以将抗菌药膏药剂涂在患处,虽然蜂蜜防止炎症的效果已经很好了。
如果你觉得感染可能更为严重了(比如出现红色斑痕,或者发高烧),请及时就医。

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5
不要尝试移除烧伤部位的组织。移除烧伤部位的皮肤组织(松弛的残皮)可能会造成伤口恶化,比如产生疤痕。更换敷料后没有必要清除伤口处残留的皮肤组织,让其自然脱落即可,此外伤口上的蜂蜜也会加速这一进程。

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6
不要将蜂蜜洗掉。蜂蜜含有抗菌物质,大多数情况下可以防止感染。蜂蜜可以形成一层保护膜,洗净后会让脆弱的皮肤组织暴露在外,因此不要清除。

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7
在烧伤部位多涂抹蜂蜜。尽量在患处多涂抹蜂蜜,涂层大概半厘米厚。

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8
更换敷料。用纱布或敷料将伤口包扎严实,然后用医用胶带稳固。
如果烫伤两周尚未痊愈,请及时就医。

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方法 4

方法 4 的 4:让烧伤愈合

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1
每天更换敷料。每天更换敷料,多涂蜂蜜。伤口颜色会变粉,变得凹凸不平。

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2
让伤口透气。每天打开敷料一两个小时,让伤口透气,然后涂抹蜂蜜,盖上新的纱布或敷料。

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3
洗去蜂蜜。一级烧伤1周内就会痊愈,小范围的二级烧伤2周内也会痊愈。烧伤愈合后用凉自来水洗净蜂蜜。
如果烫伤2周后仍然没有痊愈,请及时就医。

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