如何用橄榄油清理耳朵

方法 1

方法 1 的 2:用橄榄油清理耳垢

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如果耳朵本身有炎症,不可使用橄榄油。虽然橄榄油很温和,用于健康的人很安全,但是如果耳朵本身受伤或发炎,就会很敏感,即使是温和的橄榄油也可能产生刺激。若你有以下问题,请咨询医生再采取行动:[2]
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可靠来源

National Health Service (UK)

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[3]
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研究来源

耳膜穿孔
多发炎症
任意耳朵听力下降
乳突腔问题
因其他问题必须保持耳朵干燥
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给橄榄油加温。橄榄油能软化耳垢,促使它自行脱落。[4]
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可靠来源

PubMed Central

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使用橄榄油前,需要让其接近体温37摄氏度。当橄榄油的温度与内耳温度相近,效果最佳。所需用量大约是2-3汤匙纯橄榄油。
不要热过头,否则会伤害鼓膜。
橄榄油最常用,但不是唯一选择。只要使用得当,还可以选择过氧化氢、甘油、婴儿油或矿物油。[5]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

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也可以加入精油。当耳垢堵塞耳朵,也许困住了细菌,细菌会导致耳朵发炎。[6]
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有些精油具有杀菌消炎功效,可以添加到橄榄油中,缓解因堵塞引发的炎症。如果只是堵塞,没有炎症,那么只用橄榄油就行。[7]
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可靠来源

PubMed Central

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用于耳朵前,务必首先滴一两滴做皮肤测试,看看会不会过敏。确定不会过敏,然后在温热的橄榄油中添加四滴左右精油。可供选择的精油如下:
大蒜精油[8]
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研究来源
Tsao, S-M., Yin, M-C., In-vitro antimicrobial activity of four diallyl sulphides occurring naturally in garlic and Chinese leek oils. J Med Microbiol. 50:646-649, 2001.

桉树精油[9]
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薰衣草精油,儿童使用也安全[10]
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Sarrell, EM., Cohen, HA., Kahan, E., Naturopathic Treatment for Ear Pain in Children., Pediatrics Vol. 111 No. 5 May 1, 2003, pp. e574 -e579

牛至精油[11]
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研究来源
Can Baser, KH., Biological and Pharmacological Activities of Carvacrol and Carvacrol Bearing Essential Oils, Current Pharmaceutical Design, 14 (29), 3106-3119, 2008.

金丝桃精油[12]
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研究来源
Patocka, J., The chemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of the biologically active constituents of the herb Hypericum perforatum L. J. Applied Biomedicine 1, 61-70.,2003.

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用滴管吸取橄榄油和精油的混合物。当你把所选的精油调入橄榄油后,用滴管吸取少量。[13]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

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使用滴管,能够更好地控制用量,而且比直接倒更方便。

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将两滴混合油滴入耳朵。不需要用很多,两滴就够了,让耳垢吸收。[14]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

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侧过头,别让油淌出耳朵,保持5-10分钟。
可在耳朵下方垫一张纸巾,防止油漏出来。

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一天重复该方法2-3次。使用橄榄油去耳垢,滴一次不够。一天滴2-3次,重复3-5天。[15]
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这样的用量足够软化耳垢,疏通堵塞。

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促进耳垢脱落。橄榄油能够软化耳垢,但你可能还需要辅助方法令其脱落。对于顽固耳垢,可以辅助其他措施。用橡胶头的注射器(儿童可用那种),侧过头,轻轻地将温水注入耳道。[16]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

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一定要轻轻的,若注射时水压太强容易伤到鼓膜。
可以前后拽动耳朵,帮助疏通耳道。[17]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

前往来源

请医生来操作。医生有更为安全的专用工具,也能精确掌握水压,不会伤害你的耳朵。[18]
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看医生。如果以上办法不能软化耳垢疏通耳道,请看医生。医生会有专业的办法。[19]
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全面检查你的耳朵后采取相应治疗方案。耳朵不适不一定是因为耳垢堵塞。还可能是其他问题:[20]
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鼻窦炎:鼻窦发炎
梅尼埃病症:内耳功能失衡造成听力问题
中耳胆脂瘤:中耳囊胞
听神经瘤:听觉神经肿瘤
真菌感染
浆液性中耳炎:分泌性中耳炎
颞下颌关节功能障碍

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方法 2

方法 2 的 2:其他措施

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平衡耳压。很多时候,耳朵的问题不在于堵塞,而是中耳的耳咽管功能障碍。[21]
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你可以采取一系列简单措施疏通耳咽管,平衡耳压:[22]
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打呵欠
咀嚼
吞咽
捏住鼻子呼气
耳咽管功能障碍的常见原因有:感冒、流感、气压变化、香烟等空气污染。[23]
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保持水分。鼻窦炎造成的耳压问题,可以通过补水简单解决。水能稀释黏液,缓解耳压。[24]
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每天至少喝八杯水。

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平躺睡觉。加一个小枕头,把头摆平,[25]
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能够缓解鼻窦炎,降低耳压。[26]
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热敷。把毛巾温热,盖住耳朵几分钟。可以罩一个杯子,保持热度。[27]
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洗热水澡。如果是鼻窦炎引发的问题,可以冲个热水蒸汽澡。热气能够稀释黏液,缓解鼻窦炎,降低耳压。[28]
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服用非处方药。针对不同原因引发的耳压问题,有相应的非处方药。常见的比如:
抗组织胺药:若耳压问题来自季节性或环境过敏,可服用抗组织胺药。
抗充血药:若耳压问题来自感冒,服用治疗感冒的抗充血药可缓解症状。
抗堵塞药:若耳压问题来自耳垢堵塞,抗堵塞药和橄榄油的治疗原理相似。[29]
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可靠来源

PubMed Central

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看医生。如果耳压问题造成疼痛,以上办法都不凑效,请看医生。医生能诊断病因,采取专业的恰当的治疗措施。

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