如何在被蚊子叮后止痒

方法 1

方法 1 的 4:使用厨房用品

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1
利用柠檬或青柠。切片后轻轻揉擦被叮咬的部位,或是将在患处滴一滴果汁。柠檬酸有轻微止痒功效。
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研究来源

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2
利用早餐吃的燕麦。燕麦以止痒作用闻名,兑少许水拌成糊状,涂在被咬部位。等它变干后才洗干净。[2]
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研究来源

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3
在患处涂一点嫩肉粉。先兑水才涂抹,等它变干后再洗干净。[3]
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研究来源

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4
涂少许蜂蜜。蜂蜜可以舒缓被咬部位和稍微止痒。[4]
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研究来源

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5
涂苹果醋。用棉球蘸少许苹果醋,然后盖在患处上。[5]
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研究来源

等待数分钟,应该可以缓解疼痛。
你也可以将面粉和苹果醋拌成糊状物,涂在患处,等它变干后,用温水洗干净。醋可以止痒,而且这个糊状物还能让被咬部位变干。

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使用小苏打。将1汤匙小苏打和470毫升温水混匀。[6]
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研究来源

将糊状物轻轻地涂在患处。等待数分钟,然后用温水洗干净。这种强碱溶液通常可以缓解蚊虫叮咬引起的瘙痒。

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方法 2

方法 2 的 4:使用市售产品

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1
购买缓解蚊虫叮咬的药膏。Stingose、Aspivenin和After Bite等产品有助于缓解疼痛。Bactine、Solarcaine和急救膏等也有帮助。[7]
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研究来源

遵循产品指示。找不到这些产品?不妨询问药剂师。

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2
用阿司匹林制成的糊状物。阿司匹林帮助缓解疼痛,减轻肿胀和瘙痒。[8]
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当然,对阿司匹林过敏的人不可以使用这个方法。
你也可以将TUMS抗酸咀嚼片兑水,制成糊状物,涂在患处。[9]
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研究来源

这么做也有止痒作用。

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3
在患处涂点酒精。酒精有清凉的效果,能暂时缓解瘙痒。此外它还有干燥的作用,能让被叮咬的红包收缩消肿。[10]
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研究来源

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4
在患处涂一点牙膏。[11]
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研究来源

,可以有效止痒。最好使用有香味的普通牙膏。涂抹牙膏,就这样让它待在患处一整夜。第二天早上,用冷水和温和的肥皂清洗干净。牙膏使被咬部位变干,并去除刺激皮肤的物质。
使用非凝胶牙膏。这个方法不适合用凝胶牙膏。

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使用肥皂。用肥皂和水清洗受感染的部位。[12]
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也许肥皂就足以止痒。用温和的肥皂,以免进一步刺激皮肤。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 4:使用药草和精油

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1
使用芦荟。在患处抹一点芦荟胶,或者将芦荟叶切开,揉擦患处,可以缓解瘙痒。众所周知,芦荟可以舒缓和治愈皮肤问题。[13]
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研究来源
Zora Aiken and David Aiken, The Essential Family Camper, p. 78, (2001), ISBN 0-07-137614-3

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使用罗勒。将新鲜罗勒叶碾碎,直接涂在患处,也可以自然地缓解瘙痒,因为罗勒含有百里酚和樟脑。它们都有天然止痒作用。罗勒对驱逐蚊虫也很有用,你不需要担心再次被咬。[14]
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研究来源

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3
使用车前草。将车前草绕着手指卷起来,挤出汁液,或是直接用多汁的叶子揉擦被咬部位。在1分钟之内就能止痒。[15]
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4
使用薰衣草油。将少许薰衣草油直接抹在患处,可以快速止痒。[16]
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你也可以在患处涂少许金缕梅。[17]
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使用茶树油。众所周知,茶树油可以治疗许多问题,也能缓解蚊子叮咬引发的瘙痒。[18]
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将一滴茶树油滴在蘸了金缕梅的冷敷布,敷在患处可以止住灼热感和瘙痒。

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方法 4

方法 4 的 4:使用水、热气和压力

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1
用手拍打被咬部位。不要太用力,只要足以暂时止痒就可以了。

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好好泡个热水澡放松一下。在泡澡水中加点浓烈的繁缕茶、2汤匙苹果醋或2杯燕麦碎,有助于止痒。[19]
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你甚至可以加些精油,这样不仅闻起来更香,而且还能清洗患部舒缓皮肤。
确保水不能太烫,并且泡在水里的时间不要超过20分钟,这样才能起到干燥作用。

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3
敷冰袋或冰块。[20]
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可靠来源

Mayo Clinic

前往来源

敷20分钟可以缓解瘙痒。

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4
用一个温热的勺子按压被咬部位。将金属勺浸在热气腾腾的滚水中1分钟,取出来,让它冷却5到10秒,然后压在被咬部位上。等待10到30秒才移开。趁水还热的时候多做数次,每天重复数次,直到被咬部位完全好起来。[21]
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