如何治疗股癣

方法 1

方法 1 的 2:可选的治疗方法

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1
使用抗真菌药膏。最好的可选药膏有:疗霉舒(Lamisil),克霉唑(Lotrimin AT), 萘替芬(Naftin )和Lotrimin Ultra。这些药物比较昂贵但是疗法非常好,可以快速止痒。
请医生开些抗真菌乳膏。这样能省一点治疗费用。
你可以购买比较便宜的三苯甲咪唑(clotrimazole) 或者硝酸咪康唑霜(miconazol)。这些药膏起效慢,但是最终也会有效消除股癣带来的瘙痒。
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即使症状消失你,你也需要按照包装上的使用说明,继续涂抹药膏。这跟服用抗生素一样,即使症状消失,也要继续按照处方服用,才能彻底治愈。
如果有脚气的话,也要同时治疗。这样可以减少复发的可能性。 [2]
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2
保持皮肤的清洁和干净。洗澡后要及时擦干身体,因为真菌喜欢湿热的环境。适当的时候,你可以不穿内衣裤,或者赤身裸体将患部暴露在空气中。不方便的时候,尽量穿平角裤而不是三角裤。

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避免穿那些刺激或者摩擦胯部的衣服。避免穿紧身的内衣和裤子。

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4
抑制自己抓挠的欲望。抓挠会刺激红疹,抓破皮肤,造成皮肤破裂,提高皮肤感染的风险。
如果你实在控制不住想要抓挠的话,将指甲剪掉。晚上睡觉时,带上手套。
洗个冷水澡来缓解一下瘙痒。在洗澡水里撒入一些生燕麦,小苏打或者一种叫做胶体燕麦(Aveeno牌子非常不错)的专门用来洗澡的物质。洗完后,用毛巾彻底将胯部擦干。[3]
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使用Bond药粉。这种粉末具有缓解效果,并有助于减轻症状。它还含有发酵粉成分,能起到吸湿的作用。你可以到柜台买到这种药粉,而且也不贵。

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如果鳞状的红疹几周后不消退的话,请去看医生。如果症状加剧,或者颜色变黄,有分泌物渗出,医生会提供你几种药物:

处方药膏:医生可以给你开强力的抗真菌药膏,包括:益康唑(econazole)和奥西康唑(oxiconazole)。

抗生素:如果你的股癣感染了的话,医生会开抗生素才治愈感染。

口服抗真菌药物:斯皮仁诺(Sporanox),Diflucan 或者Lamisil是医生可能会开给你的药物。你可能会出现 胃肠问题或者肝脏功能异常。如果你正在服用解酸剂或者华法林(warfarin),那么你可能不能服用这些药物。此外,Grifulvin V这种药物起效慢,但是对于那些对抗真菌药物过敏或者无法服用其他药物的人来说,这种药物非常不错。 [4]
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方法 2

方法 2 的 2:预防股癣复发

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1
每天洗澡。大量出汗或者运动之后,立即要洗澡。使用温和的肥皂和水,避免使用抗菌和芳香的肥皂。

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保持腹股沟的清洁和干燥。如果你经常容易患股癣,那么洗澡后,用抗真菌药膏或者爽身粉涂抹一下腹股沟位置。

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避免穿刺激这些部位的衣服和内衣。选择宽松,光滑面料的衣服。穿平角内裤而不是三角裤。

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经常换洗内裤。不要跟别人共用毛巾和衣服。股癣可以通过毛巾或者衣服传播。
不要用擦患处的毛巾来擦干身上的水,否则容易让感染蔓延。

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患脚气时,穿内裤之前,先穿上袜子。这样可以避免真菌从腹股沟传染到脚上。

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立即将湿的泳衣脱下。换上干燥的衣服。

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避免将湿衣服,或者沾满汗渍的衣服放在运动包里。也不要将湿衣服放在衣柜里。每次使用后,立即清洗晾晒。[5]
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