如何制作太空头盔

方法 1

方法 1 的 4:用纸袋子制作太空头盔

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1
在购物纸袋上画一个大圆圈。圆圈要和你的脸一样大,或者比你的脸稍微大一些。
戴上纸袋后,你的脸要基本出现在圆圈区域。为了确保圆圈的位置正确,你需要套上纸袋,请别人照着你的面部轮廓画圈。WH.performance.mark(‘step1_rendered’);

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2
剪下圆圈。把纸袋从头上拿下来,然后用剪刀剪下圆圈。
建议你在纸袋底部左右两边各剪一个半圆。这一步不是必须的,但是剪出半圆后,纸袋与肩膀接触时你会觉得更舒服。
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3
利用厨房纸巾的纸芯在燕麦盒子的盖子上画圆。把厨房纸巾的圆柱形纸芯一端靠在燕麦盒子盖子的中心处。沿着纸芯边缘用记号笔在盖子上画一个圆。
在第二个燕麦盒子的盖子上也用同样的方法画圆。
画圆时,盖子可以拿下来,可以不拿。但是当你剪圆圈,盖子要暂时拿下来。

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4
剪下圆圈。用剪刀把盖子上的两个圆圈剪下来。接着,把盖子盖回去。
你可以用指甲尖或剪刀的刀尖在圆圈内戳一个洞。洞戳好后,将剪刀刀刃插进去,沿着画好的线把圆剪掉。

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5
把燕麦盒子粘在纸袋子上。把两个燕麦盒子挨着放在纸袋背面(没有剪掉圆圈的那一面)接近下半部分的地方。用胶带或者订书机把盒子固定在纸袋上。
燕麦盒子有盖的一面必须朝上。
每个燕麦盒子的下端都要从纸袋子底部伸出去。伸出的长度由你自己定,但是接触纸袋的部分要足够多,这样燕麦盒子才能和纸袋牢牢地固定在一起。

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6
将厨房纸巾的纸芯插入燕麦盒盖子。把厨房纸巾圆筒形纸芯的一端插入燕麦盒子顶端。用胶带或订书机将纸芯顶部与纸袋固定。
第二根纸芯也要插到第二个燕麦盒子里,然后用相同的方法与纸袋固定。
纸板芯就是宇航员氧气罐上的管子,燕麦盒就是氧气罐。

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7
用你喜欢的方式装饰头盔。用记号笔、蜡笔或者彩色铅笔在头盔上画上图案,涂上颜色——你想怎么装饰都可以。
你也可以用轻巧的饰物装饰头盔,比如贴纸或用锡箔纸捏成的各种造型。

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8
佩戴头盔。到这一步,太空头盔就做好了。把纸袋子套在头上,注意圆形的洞要在前面,燕麦盒子要在脑后。

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方法 2

方法 2 的 4:用混凝纸制作太空头盔

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1
给气球吹气。往一个标准大小的气球里吹气,一直吹到气球比你的头稍大一些。将气球尾端扎紧。

2
把报纸撕成条。准备5张大报纸,撕成5到8厘米宽的纸条。

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3
准备混凝纸糊。如果你还没准备好混凝纸糊,现在就动手吧。
把15毫升玉米淀粉倒入1升沸水中搅拌成糊状。

4
将地面或者桌子盖起来。在将报纸条倒进淀粉糊,然后把粘满淀粉糊的纸条贴在气球上之前,你需要先准备一块用于工作的区域。混凝纸糊手工比较“邋遢”,但只要将塑料桌布或旧报纸铺在地上或桌面上,你就不用担心淀粉糊滴在桌上或地毯上了。

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5
把报纸条贴在气球上。每次只将一根纸条浸入淀粉糊,然后拿起来平贴在气球表面。余下的纸条也要像这样贴,注意既要横着贴,也要竖着贴。最后要让气球表面贴满纸条。
完成后,气球表面需要大概贴5层报纸条。
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除了底部打结的地方外,气球表面要全覆盖上纸条。这个地方不贴纸条是为了便于将放了气的气球拿出来。

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6
等气球变干。把贴满纸条的气球放在干燥通风的地方。接下来的24个小时里,气球必须静置,等待表面变硬、变干。
你一定要等淀粉糊晾干了再继续下面的步骤。
你所在地的天气会影响气球表面变干的速度。如果你住在气候干燥的地方,混凝纸糊会很快变干。如果你住的地方空气湿度非常大,混凝纸糊变干的时间也许会大于24小时。

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7
拿出气球。用针去戳气球上没有被混凝纸糊覆盖的那一块,把气球扎破。接着,小心地把气球从小洞里拉出来。

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8
把混凝纸结构剪成头盔的形状。先用剪刀把混凝纸结构的底部剪掉,然后剪出一个圆形,让你的脸可以露出来。
先从球形的底部或开口处开始剪。底部的洞要剪得足够大,因为你的头和脖子要从这个洞伸进去。
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还是从底部开始,在球形前方剪出一个长方形。长方形的宽要和你两只眼睛外眼角之间的距离相同。长方形的长要和你额头底部到下巴的距离相同。

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9
给头盔涂上颜色。用颜料和画刷给头盔涂上你喜欢的颜色。你也可以用锡箔纸模型或者太空主题的贴纸装饰头盔。
你还可以给头盔安装天线。在头盔顶部戳两个小孔,一个靠近左边,一个靠近右边。在每个孔里各插入一根烟斗通条,然后用胶带将烟斗通条底部和头盔内部固定。最后在每根烟斗通条顶端插入一粒珠子,天线就完成了。

10
戴上头盔。当你按照自己的喜好装饰完头盔后,就可以把它戴上了。

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方法 3

方法 3 的 4:用塑料桶制作太空头盔

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1
在一个大塑料桶上画个椭圆形。这个椭圆形至少要有18厘米宽、13厘米长,或者大到足够让你的脸从桶里露出来。用铅笔将椭圆形描在桶上。
当你把桶套在头上时,割出的洞必须与你脸的轮廓重合。为了准确地画出椭圆形的位置,将桶开口朝下举在脸前方,桶底要和你的头顶在一条水平线上。迅速在桶上将与你的眉毛和下嘴唇齐平的地方做上记号。你要根据这些记号来画椭圆形。

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2
沿着画下的线打出定位孔。把钉子的尖头放在你刚刚画好的椭圆形轮廓上。用榔头敲击钉子,在桶上砸出一个小孔。
孔打好后将钉子拔出。

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3
用钢丝钳把椭圆形剪下来。将铁丝钳锋利的尖头插进用钉子砸出的定位孔里。小心地沿着画好的线将椭圆形整个剪下来。
把剪下的椭圆形塑料扔掉。
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如果剪出的边看起来参差不齐,可能刮伤皮肤,就把白色布基胶带贴在上面。

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4
用两条长方形泡沫作为头盔的支架。用尺子和铅笔在一块白色大泡沫板子上画出两个5厘米宽、23厘米长的长方形。用美工刀把这两个长方形切下来。
用美工刀小心地把长方形下方的两个角修圆磨光。

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5
把泡沫条贴在桶上。用白色布基胶带把每根长方形泡沫条的顶部贴在头盔内壁上。
两根长方形泡沫条都要贴在头盔背面。当你戴上头盔时,这两条泡沫要刚好掠过你的肩膀,靠在你的后背上。泡沫条就是头盔的支架,作用是让头盔戴上后保持直立。

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6
在头顶围一条擦碗巾。找一条标准尺寸的擦碗巾,横着裹起来。将裹成长条的擦碗巾在头顶绕成一个圈。用布基胶带将擦碗机两头相接的地方裹起来。
这个圈要足够松,能够轻松地套在头上或者取下来。
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7
把擦碗巾固定在头盔内部。用更多布基胶带将擦碗巾裹成的圈黏在塑料桶内的顶部。毛巾圈的中心要和桶的中心重合。

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8
戴上太空头盔。将塑料桶太空头盔套在头上,有洞的一面放在脸的前方。毛巾圈应该刚好套在头上,而泡沫支架则要靠在肩膀上。如果头盔戴上后没有不舒服的感觉,并且很牢靠,那么太空头盔就完成了。

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方法 4

方法 4 的 4:制作塑料太空头盔

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1
制作天线。天线是由一根短木棍,三只金属垫圈,以及一个木头球制成的。用热熔胶将木球和木棍顶端黏在一起。然后把三只垫圈从木棍底部套进去,将第一个垫圈推到木球下方5厘米的位置,最后一个垫圈推到木棍的中点。
木棍的直径应为1.5厘米左右。木棍的长度应该在20厘米左右,如果木棍长了,就把它切短点。
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垫圈中心圆孔的直径也大概为1. 5厘米。垫圈要紧紧地套在木棍上。如有必要,你可以在每个垫圈下方滴少许胶水,这样垫圈就固定好了。
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木头的直径大约为2.0到2.5厘米。
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2
安装天线。找一个装奶昔或其它冷饮的塑料杯,把圆拱形盖子取下来。再找一个足够大,可以盖在盖子开口上的木头小圆片。在盖子顶部开口处周围涂一圈热熔胶,然后把木片放上去压紧。

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3
连接天线。当天线和天线底座变干后,在木棍下端挤些热熔胶。把抹了热熔胶的那一头粘在饮料盖子顶端圆形木片的中点处。
等整个构造完全晾干后再继续下一步。
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4
将天线喷上油漆。找到金色或银色的金属质感油漆。把天线表面以及底座都喷上油漆。
你最好将天线底座拿到通风好的地方喷漆。为了防止油漆弄脏工作台上,建议在作品下方垫上一张塑料布或报纸。
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底座内部不需要喷漆。
将作品完全晾干。这个过程需要12到24小时,具体时间是由油漆的质量和天气决定的。

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5
把天线底座粘在一个大号塑料容器上。找一个透明塑料容器,因为容器会罩在头上,所以必须安全。把容器上下颠倒。用胶水将天线底座粘在容器底部的中心处。
用装奶酪球的桶制作太空头盔再合适不过了。不论容器的种类如何,开口必须够大,这样你的头才能放进去。如果开口太小,头盔就会卡在你的头上,或者妨碍空气进入,严重阻碍你的呼吸。

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6
在容器底部包裹一圈金色丝带。剪下一段金属质感的金色丝带。丝带要足够长,能将容器底部整个围住。围着底部挤一圈细细的热熔胶,用来固定丝带。
丝带下边缘与容器边缘的距离应等于或小于2.5厘米。

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7
将一截管子切割成合适的尺寸。量出软管的长度。软管要粘在容器口上,所以长度必须和容器开口的周长相同。用锋利的剪刀或刀根据上述长度剪下软管。
选择直径为2.5厘米的黑色软管。

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8
粘上软管。在容器口挤上大量热熔胶。将软管粘上去,并用力按压。管子的两头最后要相遇。
把多余的软管剪掉。

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9
现在试试新头盔吧。胶水变干后,头盔就可以戴上了。

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